Innovfest 2019, the most influential technological innovation forum in Asia, was held in Singapore. The event acted as a catalyst, bringing together participants and vendors, with numerous innovative products, and projects on display. In the Huawei Eco-Connect@Innovfest 2019 Stadium, Alex Duan, President of Huawei's Intelligent Video & Data Analytics (IVDA) Product Line, delivered a keynote speech titled "AI Drives a New Chapter for Smart City". In his speech to global customers and partners, he presented how Huawei is using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and open ecosystems as the twin-engines of Smart City construction.
Technological development brings with it epoch-making changes to industry. The transition from analog to digital enabled video and images to be recorded as structured data, enabling High Definition (HD) as the common camera quality, and making it possible to perfectly capture the real world in a series of zeros and ones.
Now, leaps in big data and AI technologies are transforming the security industry, from perceptive to prescient, making video the core engine of the Smart City.
However, for far too many, this transformation is being hindered by insufficient intelligent computing power, closed algorithms, and data silos. This is why Huawei combines AI, big data, cloud computing, and 5G solutions for the security industry, allowing operators to more easily adopt intelligent industry practices. Indeed, Huawei solutions provide sufficient and scalable computing power, dynamic algorithms, and data sharing using data standardization.
Today, AI is significantly shaping various industries and applications, including quick response to large-scale emergencies, environmental protection, forest fire prevention, healthcare, and more. AI has also become the most powerful driving-force for Smart City — even Smart Nation — projects. However, in order for such projects to flourish, enterprises and governments alike need to build open, intelligent security architecture, and ecosystems where more players can participate. Huawei IVDA is an active promoter of ecosystem construction and spares no effort contributing to Smart City development. Huawei builds security solutions based on a “Platform + AI + Open Ecosystem” model, using its accumulated experience, and technology advantages in the ICT field.
AI provides high levels of computing power, but it also creates a baseline of big data, deep learning, data mining, and model and algorithm training. Indeed, AI is revolutionizing the security industry. Here are some of the latest and brightest technologies:
▪ AI chip with ultra-high computing power: Huawei is the first provider in the industry to launch an AI chip — the Ascend 310 — featuring ultra-high computing power of 16 TOPS (INT8) but low power consumption: just 8 W. As an AI proxy (1+N), the Ascend 310 enables ultra-high computing power-sharing between cameras, transforming common legacy cameras into intelligent ones.
▪ Flexible expansion and self-learning: Machine annotation based on innovative models makes evolution possible, with cameras becoming smarter during practical application. For example, by learning hundreds of millions of images, cameras can quickly adapt to all scenarios in varied weather conditions and still provide optimal images. SuperColor cameras, based on the multi-frame convergence algorithm enabled by AI chips, can reproduce 100% of image details even in ultra-low illumination conditions, with zero light pollution.
Huawei is dedicated to working with partners and other industry leaders to build the most open security ecosystem possible, with the goal of helping enterprises on a global scale turn digital. Such an ecosystem is necessary, to keep pace with the rapid development requirements of the industry, especially when considering the diversified long-tail algorithm and application requirements needed to produce services of value.
Software-Defined Camera: Redefining Next-Generation Cameras
Traditional cameras have fixed functions, provide low computing power, and are difficult to upgrade. Next generation cameras are developed to solve these problems. In 2018, Huawei first proposed the concept of a Software-Defined Camera (SDC) and launched related products. Some industry players followed Huawei, also launching concepts of SDCs: yet their products are not fully software-defined. Huawei has defined the three core standards of SDC at this forum: a professional AI chip, an open SDC Operating System (OS), and an abundant ecosystem.
Huawei SDCs provide:
▪ Open Camera OS: The industry's first container-based SDC OS, which decouples camera software and hardware functions, laying a solid foundation for software-defining features.
▪ Professional AI chip: The Network Processor Unit (NPU) is an AI chip developed for machine vision. The NPU achieves 25 times more computing power than a CPU and supports trillion-level visual computing processing.
▪ Abundant algorithm and application ecosystem: An algorithm and application store is available, making algorithm loading and application installation on cameras as simple as app installation on mobile phones. For example, in the past, to support vehicle license plate recognition services, checkpoint cameras had to be replaced. Using SDCs, new algorithms can simply be loaded onto cameras, without interrupting services.
Multi-Algorithm Warehouse: Fast and On-Demand Algorithm Integration
CloudIVS — Huawei’s powerful cloud-based video management platform — offers a multi-algorithm warehouse, which rapidly integrates multiple versions of different algorithms from various vendors, used in different scenarios. Users simply select algorithms as required. In addition, the multi-algorithm warehouse provides standard interfaces for flexibly invoking capabilities as modular services in varied scenarios.
Algorithm Studio: One-Stop, Easy to Use Algorithm Development Platform
Huawei Algorithm Studio provides a one-stop algorithm development, training, and release environment. Local algorithms can be directly integrated, and non-local algorithms can be integrated after local training. Huawei provides ModelArts for algorithm development, machine annotation, model training, and algorithm generation. The integrated algorithms are packaged and uploaded to the Huawei algorithm store for various industries to download. Huawei Algorithm Studio is easy to use, meets the diverse requirements of different developers, and makes algorithm development far easier.
Currently, Huawei has established 12 OpenLabs in six regions around the world, providing ecosystem partners a platform that supports solution development and joint verification. Huawei OpenLabs have become a torchbearer for the continuous evolution of the intelligent security algorithm and application ecosystem, championing its growth.