1. Scaling back fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions has become an urgent task for the world, Carbon Neutrality is the Urgent Common Mission of Today’s World, a Broad and Profound Economic and Social Transformation
The carbon neutrality is sure to lead a profound economic and social transformation, which means not only a revolution in energy production and consumption, but also an opportunity for an all-round upgrade in all the aspects of life.
Nowadays, a clearer consensus has been reached among the scientific community and governments on climate change, and the Paris Agreement specifies that our most important goal in the global fight against climate change is to achieve carbon neutrality by the middle of the century. Countries around the world are taking action. By the end of 2020, 44 countries and economies had officially declared their own carbon neutral targets.
The energy development strategies and practices adopted by major economies around the world have proven that reducing reliance on fossil fuels is one of the best ways to achieve carbon peak and neutrality goals. This requires countries to step up efforts to develop renewable energy while simultaneously improving energy efficiency and reducing overall consumption of fossil fuels.
Multiple countries have put forward targeted energy reform and GHG control goals. For example, China's National Development and Reform Commission and National Energy Administration have released the Energy Production and Consumption Revolution Strategy (2016–2030), which specifies that by 2030, China's new energy demand will mostly be met by clean energy. The strategy proposes reducing total energy consumption to at most 6 billion tons of coal equivalent (tce), with non-fossil fuel only making up about 20% of the total primary energy supply by 2030. China has also pledged to achieve CO2 emissions peak by 2030, if not sooner. The EU's 2030 climate and energy framework aims for net GHG emission reductions of 55% compared to 1990 levels and an increase in renewable energy consumption to 38–40% by 2030. The US government has also pledged to achieve a 50–52% GHG emissions reduction from 2005 levels by 2030, and one of the most important steps to achieve that goal is to require the US grid to get 80% of its electricity from emission free sources by 2030.
Prime minister H.E. General Prayut Chan-o-cha announced long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDS), the roadmap for Thailand to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2065. During COP26 conference, H.E. General Prayut, submitted the kingdom's long-term development strategies to lower greenhouse gas emissions to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This is effectively a roadmap for how Thailand plans to go net zero within 44 years. He said that Thailand was willing to step up its level of ambition to achieve net zero emissions by the year of 2050, 15 years faster than currently pledged, if the country received the necessary funds and technology from richer nations. And said that a “bio-circular green economy model” for lowering emissions in the energy and transport sector, was now a national priority.
Target to achieve carbon neutrality in the year of 2050, The Ministry of Energy released the “4D1E” principles of energy transformation, which include De-carbonization, De-centralization, Digitalization, De-regulation and Electrification. Following the principles of “4D1E”, top enterprises in Thailand expect to create new "S-Curve" economic through transferring their business structure, organizations, with innovative business model in line with the carbon neutral trend of the world.
Similar as the other countries in the world, nowadays Thailand government agencies and the related civil society organizations are considering and exploring the policy for carbon credit and carbon credit trading, aim to encourage the enterprises and society to reduce carbon emission. Energy transformation, clean power generation is one of the key. It has been announced that from 2018 to 2050, the proportion of renewable energy generation in Thailand will increase from 12% to 90%, among which undoubtedly solar energy will be the future as its low cost, fast and easy to be deployed. As long as the Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) technology’ moving forward, with lower cost and higher efficiency, supporting the grids to accept more renewable energy power plants, renewable energy will develop from the supplementary energy to be the major energy.
Thailand was the earliest to develop solar energy among ASEAN countries, benefit from her matured market mechanism, gradually evolved to be the solar application technologies and project finance center. As carbon credit is happening all around the world, solar is the easiest clean energy producing solution to reduce carbon emission, which can be deployed by every organization and home, so industry parks, factories, government buildings, universities, hospitals, shopping malls, retail stores, residences are intend to save their energy cost and reduce carbon emissions by using solar energy, which makes Thailand PV industry become a GW level market even without utility scale projects, and still tend to be steady growth. Considering Thailand’s power grid characteristics and plan, and the future inevitable trend of energy and carbon credit trading when every organization and home became power producers, distributed and hybrid-firm solar power generation are widely required, which would be the main opportunities of the energy field in the coming years.
As the vehicle manufacturing center of ASEAN, Thailand vehicles production capability ranks No.11 in the world. In order to win the competition in the future electrical vehicles (EVs) market, catch up the economic growth point of electrification, Thailand is reforming her vehicles manufacture industry, trying to build herself to be the EV hub of ASEAN. Thailand targets to transfer 50% of her vehicle production to be EV within 2030, and 100% EV within 2035, which requires lots of modern EV assembly production line, and a huge numbers of EV charging facilities. The utility grid companies, oil and gas companies, electrical vehicles manufactures, public transport operators and even retail stores are starting to grab the EV charging market. How to build a success EV charging business, sure the location where has available venue for parking, stable volume of customers and low cost of energy supply and strong grid network would be the good choice. To build efficient, intelligent, and evolvable charging networks has become a hot research topic for potential leading charging operators in this market. Solar plus energy storage integrated EV charging station will be the best solution for a good IRR. With solar and BESS integrated in EV charging station, solar provides a lower electricity cost for chargers, BESS supports the grid to be firm and accept more chargers and solar capacity, and to get off-peak electricity supply from the grid to lower down the power supply cost.
Digitalization is about the applications of digital technology to improve efficiency in both production, distribution and O&M systems, reduce time and costs, as well as to support businesses to adapt to a technological society, in order to enhance competitiveness in any given dynamic business sector. The energy de-carbonization, renewable energy development strongly requires to match with electricity demand and grid transmission ability, gives rise to de-centralization, while energy de-centralization requires energy and carbon credit trading. Image that, as C&I and residential solar market’s booming, future millions of power producers in Thailand, how could energy and carbon credit trading to happen with such a huge data from energy demand and consumption, energy generating, transmission and distribution, still need paper for dealing and billing? For sure, technology of data collection, data transmission, data storage and data computing are required.
De-regulation is the relaxation of restrictive energy regulations to foster innovation applications and their testing, as well as to support new energy developers to lead future regulatory changes, such as the use of energy produced by small users that can be supplied into the transmission line system. As nowadays, ICT industry is developing fast, IoT, could and AI technologies have been applied to various of industries, among which the media, banking, information service industry are leading the applications of digitalization, while energy industry is limited by the out-fashion policy, which requires government to consider revise the policy to match with the modern energy structure.
In the carbon neutrality era, Huawei digital power leverages its unique advantage in both power electronics and digital technologies, combining fundamental technological innovations such as watt technology, cooling technology, energy storage technology, cloud and AI technology, and communications technology to integrate energy flows and information flows. Focus on green power generation, green transportation, green ICT infrastructure, green architecture and industry, modular power, intelligent power distribution, energy storage, and hydrogen energy. In addition, the smart energy cloud implements energy data convergence, reducing power utilization costs and improving energy efficiency.
In June 2021, Huawei Digital Power Technologies Co., Ltd. (Huawei Digital Power for short) was established through combined the existing energy business of Huawei to develop the digital power business and accelerate its growth. Huawei Digital Power business for Thailand includes Smart PV, Smart String ESS, Data Center Facility, Sties Power Facility, mPower (includes EV Charging Facility) solutions, our vision is to integrate digital and power electronics technologies to drive energy revolution for a better, greener future. Huawei Digital Power has approximately 6000 employees, 60% of whom are focused on R&D, Huawei Digital Power serves one third of the world's population across more than 170 countries and regions.
By June 30, 2021, Huawei Digital Power has already helped customers generate 403.4 billion kWh of green power, save 12.4 billion kWh of electricity, and reduce CO2 emissions by 200 million tons, which is equivalent to planting 270 million trees (estimated based on data published by the North Carolina State University regarding the relationship between carbon emissions and tree quantities).
Carbon neutrality has become a global mission, and renewable energy such as PV is key to achieving this goal. Consequently, Huawei has integrated digital technology with PV to launch the industry-leading smart PV solution.
PV plants will be grid-friendly, intelligent, and convergent, with lower LCOE. LCOE is a measure of the average net cost of electricity generation for a PV plant throughout its lifecycle. It is used to compare the electricity generation costs of PV plants with other types of plants. Under a full-lifecycle investment model, LCOE is determined by a plant's upfront investment, operation & maintenance (O&M) expenses, and the system's useful life. By 2030, LCOE of PV plants is expected to plummet, possibly even down to US$0.01 per kWh of electricity. PV generators ensure stable operations of power grids through proactive support for frequency and voltage fluctuations. Energy clouds will intelligently converge energy and information flows to synergize generation, grids, loads, and storage. Benefit from advanced electronics, connectivity and AI technologies, Huawei helps customer increase power yields, reduce O&M cost, enable a lower LCOE, to get higher IRR.
Utility solar farm: Huawei Smart PV solution provide smart string inverter, smart data controller, Smart PV Plant Management System, Smart Transformer Station. Multi-MPPT reduces power loss from string mismatch, AI boost smart tracking algorithm better match with bifacial and tracking system, AI boost smart I-V curve diagnosis enable intelligent and timely maintenance to ensure PV module’s health, higher availability due to string type and fuse free design, compare with traditional solution increase yields 2% at flat area, 3~5% for floating and mountain area.
Distributed solar roof: Huawei Smart PV solution provide smart string inverter, optimizer, smart data controller, and FusionSolar Smart PV Cloud Management System. Optimizer enables maximum power point tracking for each PV module increase yields by 2%~30% (depends on roof situation), can monitor and manage each PV module, AFCI and rapid shutdown prevent the solar roof from fire risk, ensure solar roof extremely safe.
Battery Energy Storage System (BESS): Huawei provides Smart String ESS solution, includes prefabricated and pre-installed battery container, string type PCS and LV panel. Unique technology to support battery augmentation, add battery container throughout lifespan without change the PCS or grid capacity, can reduce maximum 30% initial configuration. Prefabricated & pre-installed battery container in factory save construction time by 40%. Pack-level & rack-level optimization minimizes the imbalance of charge and discharge reduce battery capacity loss, increasing lifespan discharging energy by ~13%, SOC auto-balance in one fully charge or discharge cycle, O&M personnel directly replaces battery pack, no need expert go to site for SOC balance every half year. String-level distributed air conditioning reduce imbalance of batteries temperature, temp-rise imbalance < 3°@0.5C for longer battery life span to be 15-year. Availability >99.9% with modular PCS and pack-level cut-out, accurately identify and alarm internal short circuit with AI to prevent fire risk in advance.
To address the challenges of traditional data centers, such as inefficient construction mode, long construction periods, high energy consumption, difficult O&M, and low reliability, Huawei adheres to the "modular + intelligent" design concept and reconstructs the architecture, cooling, O&M, and power supply to build simplified, green, intelligent, and secure next-generation data centers.
Architecture reconstruction: A modular and prefabricated approach enables simplified delivery, cutting the construction cycle from 20 months to just six. This meets the demand for fast service launch.
Cooling reconstruction: Our digital iCooling technology and the indirect evaporative cooling solution that maximizes the use of free cooling sources reduce the power usage effectiveness (PUE) value of data centers by between 8% and 15%.
O&M reconstruction: Digital intelligent O&M enables autonomous O&M of data centers, cutting O&M costs by around 35%. In addition, refined and intelligent asset capacity management improves resource utilization by about 20%.
Power reconstruction: The E2E power supply and distribution system is visualized and manageable. AI enables predictive maintenance, shifting passive maintenance to proactive prevention and ensuring reliable operation of data centers.
Based on the digital energy target network from network construction, operations, and O&M, Huawei has launched full-scenario and full-lifecycle low-carbon site power solutions to help carriers deploy 5G without additional energy OPEX, minimizing CAPEX and achieving carbon-neutral networks. Huawei has applied its successful experience across various industries to help customers achieve digital transformation of sites while reducing E2E site investments and carbon emissions. For areas with poor or no mains supply, Huawei integrates power electronics technologies such as wattage, thermal, and energy storage with digital technologies such as cloud, AI, and connectivity to streamline energy and information flows. In this regard, it has launched the iPowerCube, a series of off-grid fuel-free comprehensive energy supply solutions. Gensets are replaced by solar energy to meet power supply requirements in large-, medium-, and small-power scenarios, achieving cost-effective, green, and inclusive power supply in areas with or without mains supply.
The transportation industry accounts for nearly 10% of carbon emissions. Promoting comprehensive electrification in the transportation industry will be essential to archiving carbon peak and neutrality goals. The major factors affecting the purchase of electric vehicles are charging, cruising range, and safety. The growth of new energy vehicles will be driven by user experience instead of policies. To address these challenges, mPower leverages digital technologies and platforms to help OEMs build better cars and improve user experience.
EV Charging Facility: Huawei provide 20kW/40kW HiCharger power module, cooperates with charger manufactures, helps to build fast charging station. With Huawei HiCharger module inside, increases charging voltage from 750V to be 1000V, 15min charging SOC from 30% - 80%, increases charger efficiency from 95% to 97%, The power density is 1.5 times compare with the industry, annual failure rate drop to 0.2%, intelligent compliable with different of global standards.
With Huawei Digital Power technologies, carbon neutral trend will bring billions $ of opportunities yearly in different industries. We always insist the strategy of Huawei inside, hardware being open for integrated, software platform opening resources for partner to develop applications, would like to collaborate with ecosystem partners national wide, share profits to industry chain for better collaboration, work together for mutual benefits and win-win business. We sincerely invite you to join us, together to accelerate building a low carbon smart Thailand.