Cloud computing has been developing for more than a decade. Over this time, the cloud computing market has witnessed two major changes:
After 10 years of cloud-based practices, cloud services gradually evolved from a concept to reality. Governments and enterprises no longer have doubts about cloud technologies, and have shifted their focus to finding a faster, better, and safer cloud implementation methods.
The trend of enterprise cloudification will change the current cloud computing world. Technology companies that mainly provide enterprise-level cloud services are expected to play a leading role in the next stage of cloud computing development.
These two major changes indicate that enterprise cloudification will become the core service of the entire cloud computing market during the cloud computing 2.0 era.
Challenges in Enterprise Cloud Transformation
Enterprise cloudification enables enterprises to quickly enter the market by reducing operational costs and improving efficiency. However, Rome was not built in a day. Enterprises still have a long way to go before they can fully implement cloud transformation and ultimately reap the benefits from the enterprise cloudification.
A number of research institutes have summarized various types of challenges in enterprise cloudification. According to CSO, a security consultancy, there are four major challenges for enterprises who wish to migrate services to the cloud:
Compliance: Enterprises in some specific industries are concerned about the compliance of enterprise cloud services, because the regulatory policies on cloud services are unclear. However, as the implementation of industry clouds is gradually standardized, this concern about compliance will be resolved.
Security: Security has always been the major concern of enterprise decision makers. This is why enterprise customers have avoided using public clouds in the past. They were worried about security issues such as data security caused by lack of data sovereignty, and potential for data loss in the event of a system breakdown.
Costs: Many industry cloud systems are plagued by redundant projects. In addition, most enterprises do not have sufficient technical capabilities to manage these projects, which further results in operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. These high costs increase the difficulty of cloudification for enterprises.
Complexity and compatibility: Most enterprise application systems have experienced several years of construction. Their service software and data are usually designed based on the traditional architecture. However, cloudification will bring about significant changes to the enterprise service architecture. How to ensure compatibility between the new and old architecture? How to smoothly migrate the systems to the cloud? These problems make the cloudification process complex, time-consuming, labor-intensive, and technically difficult.
Take an e-Government cloud project from Province X in China as an example. The cloudification solution had to address the old system problems such as the high costs caused by redundant projects, low resource utilization, scattered resources, difficult management, aging equipment, and frequent faults. In addition, new problems had to be considered. For instance, how can institutions break through the current government resource barriers to achieve data convergence and sharing? How can they realize data value and drive service innovation? Across various industries, when customers are motivated by the benefits of cloud technologies to implement cloud transformation, most of them will also encounter the preceding problems and challenges.
As we can see, enterprise cloudification is not simply data center construction, but a systematic project that involves the optimized construction, proper use, and comprehensive management of the cloud. In other words, enterprises' cloudification solutions have to be designed based on the entire lifecycle.
Huawei's 10 Roles Throughout the Lifecycle of Enterprise Cloudification
On June 12, 2018, Huawei launched its Industry Cloud Enablement Services at CEBIT 2018 in Hanover, Germany. Zhou Yilin, Director of the Cloud Enablement Service Dept, Huawei Enterprise BG said: "In order to realize the shift from infrastructure-based O&M to application-based O&M, enterprises must take the right path to the cloud with comprehensive end-to-end professional cloud enablement services."
Huawei Industry Cloud Enablement Services provide a wide range of services that cover the entire lifecycle of industry cloud transformation, including cloud consulting, cloud assessment, cloud planning and design, cloud implementation, cloud migration, cloud disaster recovery and backup, cloud security, cloud O&M, big data planning and design, big data development and support, and big data management.
Cloud consulting, cloud assessment, and cloud planning and design focuses on the requirements analysis and consulting services at the early stage, to ensure the optimized construction of the cloud. Cloud implementation, cloud migration, cloud disaster recovery and backup, and cloud security focuses on the optimized construction of the cloud. Cloud O&M focuses on the comprehensive management of the cloud. Big data planning and design, big data development and support, and big data management focuses on the proper use of the cloud.
At each stage of the lifecycle, Huawei plays a different role.
For example, at the early requirements analysis stage, Huawei is a consultant for customers' cloud strategies, an analyst for customers' cloudification processes, and an architect of customers' cloud platforms.
At the cloud construction stage, Huawei acts as a porter, migrating customers' services to the cloud; as a first responder, handling emergencies for customers' services on the cloud; and a guardian for customers' services on the cloud.
At the cloud management and O&M stage, Huawei is a watchman for customers' service operations on the cloud, an architect of customers' data platforms, a designer for customers' data service development, and a manager of customers' data systems.
In my opinion, these 10 roles are created based on Huawei's extensive accumulated experience in industry cloud enablement projects. Huawei's success is not a mystery. It has been achieved by constant practical innovations that meet customers' needs.
Frankly, there are many cloud service providers in the ICT industry. However, Huawei is the only company that can provide expert support for enterprises at every stage of the entire lifecycle when implementing cloudification.
Huawei's Extensive Practical Experience in Industry Cloud Enablement
Huawei's Shanghai e-Government cloud project serves as a good example of a typical cloudification project. The problems that needed to be addressed included complex construction of data centers, low resource utilization, and difficult O&M management caused by lack of unified planning.
In fact, e-Government projects, regardless of scale or location, share some key features. For example, the O&M of e-Government projects mainly focus on the maintenance of core services. Compared with Internet services that iterate quickly, new e-Government services often develop at a slower speed. Security, management, performance, and potential data value are the major concerns for governments. Hierarchical management is often required in these projects.
By using professional O&M skills and providing expert services, Huawei is recognized by a large number of government and enterprise customers. A case in point is the e-Government cloud project for Province X in China. Huawei's e-Government cloud solution helped the customer achieve a successful cloud transformation, implement unified management across multiple data centers, set up active-active cloud data center architecture. Furthermore, Huawei could provide all-around security protection for the cloud platform.
Cloud users pay for cloud services based on actual service requirements, reducing redundant construction costs and saving costs by 40%. The service rollout time is shortened from several months to several days or even hours. The IT system provides a unified resource pool, improving resource utilization by 50% and improving O&M automation by up to 80%. As a result, the government departments can concentrate on their primary responsibilities and improve the overall government service satisfaction levels by 50%.
With over 2,900 Certified Service Partners (CSPs), Huawei has developed over 30 tool platforms that are compatible with more than 260 types of hardware and 400 types of software, to help customers implement cloud transformation.
In my opinion, the implementation of industry cloud depends on three key factors: technical capabilities in full-stack cloud services, practical experience in industry cloudification, and comprehensive research and methodology in industry cloudification. Based on these factors, Huawei is undoubtedly the best choice for government and enterprise customers migrating to the cloud.