FusionCloud for Enterprise Transformation
Cloud computing continues to gain acceptance among enterprises, and not all enterprises are at the same stage of IT transformation. Even when two enterprises are at the same stage of technical progression, they may face very different challenges. Huawei has developed the FusionCloud engine to minimize these types of transformation issues by using a converged, open architecture that supports public, private, and hybrid clouds.
Among the many strengths of cloud computing is the freedom for enterprise IT departments to derail rising costs and lift capacity limits by enabling increased scalability, flexibility, and efficiency of their IT platforms. Further, cloud computing solutions enable enterprises to treat their IT resources as a service, with concurrent direct access from each and every business department. The “resources as a service” mode affects business and communication processes internally, and also in interaction with other enterprises and their customers. By adopting cloud computing to facilitate their IT transformation, enterprises are speeding up the strategic transformations necessary to adapt to rapidly changing, uncertain external markets.
Huawei FusionCloud allows enterprises to easily and flexibly update critical businesses processes to fit shifts in the market. The results are higher efficiencies, reductions in the amount of investment and manpower needed for IT build-outs and management, and the promotion of continuous production mode innovations that ensure long-term competitiveness.
Converged and Open Clouds
Traditional infrastructure architectures are relatively inflexible. Despite the growing use of virtualization technologies, resource pools do not scale well and are isolated from each other. The result is that enterprises find it difficult to synchronize the infrastructure development with their business growth while also keeping maintenance costs in check. To address this situation, Huawei has developed FusionSphere, a cloud operating system that helps data center system administrators improve infrastructure management. Based on OpenStack, FusionSphere is an open scheduling and management framework that integrates multiple resource islands. With FusionSphere, enterprises can integrate and share various enterprise-infrastructure IT resources, including virtualization solutions such as Huawei’s FusionCompute and VMware, and bare-metal physical servers. FusionSphere-equipped servers — physical and virtual — can share the same software-defined storage and network resource pools via a unified Application Programming Interface (API) and integrated resource pools built to support automated and on-demand activities.
The Huawei FusionCloud solution is based on distributed cloud management and scheduling software. It implements logical integration of IT infrastructure resources across servers, resource pools, data centers, and boundaries between private and public clouds. Using unified cloud service catalogs and service APIs, Huawei FusionCloud provides Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) to upper-layer applications that support elastic capacity expansion and flexible deployment of services based on tenant loads.
Huawei FusionStage is a Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) solution to help IT departments and enterprise software developers to implement management integration applications across the business lifecycle. FusionStage is based on Cloud Foundry, and the Docker OS-level virtualization architecture for micro-service application deployment, to reduce complexity, development cost, and operating cost. Other techniques, such as elastic scaling and gated application launches, are used to help enterprises innovate to levels comparable to those of major Internet providers. The FusionStage management platform integrates development, testing, and production functions, as well as unifying the environments, tools, and processes that accelerate service rollouts.
Decision-makers can improve their understanding and management of enterprise data using Huawei’s FusionInsight Big Data platform, which converges data by integrating data islands. FusionInsight provides Big Data intelligent mining and analysis software that allows enterprises to extract value metrics from data for identifying commercial growth points. FusionInsight’s automated, browser-based O&M greatly lowers the difficulty of deploying and managing Big Data services — and is the first platform in the industry to support finance-class data protection and geographic disaster recovery between sites separated by more than 1,000 kilometers. Backed by a library of proprietary deep learning algorithms, FusionInsight is engineered to perform millions of levels of pattern recognition, inference, and deduction.
Huawei FusionCloud uses the following engines:
- FusionSphere: Operating system for infrastructure consolidation based on the commercial editions of OpenStack, KVM, and Xen.
- FusionInsight: Big Data platform for data convergence based on the commercial editions of Apache Hadoop and Apache Spark.
- FusionStage: PaaS platform for application integration based on the commercial editions of Cloud Foundry and Docker.
Huawei has applied its understanding of open-source software architectures and program code to enhance reliability, usability, maintenance, security, and performance. Open-source software modules are selected for their support of large-scale commercial deployments; and system tests are built to identify and remove system stability risks.
Huawei ranks seventh in OpenStack community contributions, and fourth in Hadoop community contributions. Initially limited to new code and reviews, Huawei has become involved in projects such as the OpenStack cascading project to solve the challenges and difficulties OpenStack encounters in resource scalability and multi-site unified management at the architectural level — a project that has received wide support from global telecom carriers. In the area of open-source containers, Huawei is a founding member of the Open Container Initiative (OCI) and Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). In August 2015, Huawei announced the open-source Astro project to push for the wider application of the Spark SQL in the Big Data industry.
The FusionCloud solution involves three major application scenarios: private cloud, public cloud, and carrier-grade Network Functions Virtualization Infrastructure (NFVI). The FusionCloud solution reduces the complexity of cloud infrastructure deployments for customers who wish to leverage the cost of data acquisition into added value.
Huawei FusionCloud Solution Architecture
Private Clouds Transform Enterprise Businesses
Cloud computing has become a primary platform for modern enterprises that invest heavily in IT transformation for competitive advantage. In the financial services industry, Internet-accessible products have created a serious challenge to conventional banks and lending institutions. Increasingly — driven by volumes of mobile transaction data — legacy providers are improving the quality of their decision-making for everything from user experience to market position based on Big Data analytics. The result is that traditional IT architectures and data processing platforms have to be restructured, existing IT frameworks fine-tuned, and unified data management procedures implemented in order to achieve faster service rollouts.
In partnership with China Merchants Bank (CMB), Huawei has established a scalable IaaS platform that meets CMB’s Internet banking requirements for resource elasticity and scalability. Using Big Data technology, Huawei has helped CMB improve the operating efficiency of its traditional businesses and encouraged them to explore new opportunities. For instance, in the past, CBM’s online query service for credit card transactions was limited to a 13-month history; with the Huawei solution, CMB customers can query their transaction histories back seven years.
In the government sector, Huawei has worked closely with China’s General Administration of Customs (GAC) on the “Golden Customs” project to deploy a distributed cloud infrastructure with data centers in Beijing, Guangzhou, and Shanghai to accommodate customs IT applications.
Public Clouds Create New Business Opportunities
As public clouds become more popular with small- and medium-sized enterprises, many companies are choosing to lease rather than buy their IT systems.
To adapt to this trend, telecom carriers are increasing their capabilities to provide public cloud services. As a long-time partner of telecom carriers, Huawei is a cloud service enabler that is helping telecom carriers take best advantage of network bandwidth, localized services, and established enterprise user base to deliver a broad array of benefits to end users.
In June 2015, Deutsche Telekom (DT) chose to partner with Huawei to create a win-win paradigm for a public cloud service. In compliance with strict European Union (EU) data protection policies, DT data centers in Germany provide much needed cloud services to small- and medium-sized enterprises throughout Europe, as well as to VIP customers in the government sector and large enterprises. The Huawei cloud service includes IT hosting and hybrid service with interworking between private and public clouds that allows all parties to pool their advantages for better business results.
NFVI for Telecom Clouds
Telecom carriers need a future-oriented network architecture to overcome the legacy physical networks of dedicated hardware devices that, because they are closed systems, are fundamentally incapable of meeting the modern requirement for quick and flexible service deployments.
NFVI technologies are considered by many to be foundational to satisfy the exacting requirements for future telecom networks.
The core of NFVI is virtualization and cloudification of telecommunication systems. Aided by Software-Defined Networking (SDN), NFVI enables telecom carriers to construct networks that are open, intelligent, and agile. The goal is to help telecom carriers greatly improve business efficiencies by adding elastic and dynamically scalable resource pools that provide immediate benefits in the areas of construction and O&M cost reductions. Huawei has conducted joint NFVI innovation and business verification tests with several leading telecom carriers, including Telefonica, America Movil, DT, China Mobile Communications Corporation (CMCC), and Megafon.
Huawei and Telefonica began co-operating in the NFVI domain in August 2012, when the two parties discussed the construction of a virtualized cloud-based telecommunications architecture to realize their next-generation ICT transformation. Called Project UNICA, Telefonica’s goal is to form a single virtual data center for efficient sharing between internal departments and subnets. Following a number of joint network planning and Proof-of-Concept (PoC) activities, in July 2014, Telefonica announced that Huawei won the bid for its UK subnet project and the first commercial deployment of the UNICA architecture.
Partners Build Ecosystems
Enterprises need diversified products and services to help them transform their IT architectures. To provide the widest range of available solutions, Huawei maintains close collaborations with hundreds of technology partners in the cloud computing field, including:
- Intel — Cloud computing performance optimization and trusted computing.
- SAP — Database and cloud service.
- Accenture — Cloud computing solutions.
- IBM — Database and middleware.
- Microsoft/Red Hat/SUSE — Operating systems and enterprise applications.
- SAS — Big Data.
- Trend Technologies and Beijing Rising Technology — Cloud security.
- NVIDIA — Media and manufacturing cloud.
The Huawei cloud computing team provides channel partners and Independent Software Vendors (ISVs) with pre-sales training, certification, and delivery capabilities training. Custom solutions are certificated though the “Huawei Ready” online virtual lab.
For channel partners and ISV talent, Huawei has established strong ties with universities and training institutions worldwide in cloud computing. In this way, Huawei is demonstrating a long-term commitment in developing the technical proficiency to provide the upper-layer applications necessary to maximize the use of Huawei’s cloud computing platform. Talented personnel in cloud computing are an essential key link for the continuing success of our partners and the customers we share.
A sound cloud computing ecosystem, based on open systems and widespread collaborations across industries, will create the necessary environment for all parties to promptly respond to market changes, stay competitive, and improve business performance in an uncertain future.